By Joyce Mukucha
A new study released on Monday by the UN’s labour agency revealed that fewer women will regain jobs lost to the COVID-19 pandemic during the recovery period as compared to men.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) highlights that between 2019 and 2020, women’s employment declined by 4.2 per cent globally, representing 54 million jobs, while men suffered a three per cent decline, or 60 million jobs.
“This means that there will be 13 million fewer women in employment this year compared to 2019, but the number of men in work will likely recover to levels seen two years ago,” said ILO.
It has been also learnt that only 43 per cent of the world’s working-age women will be employed in 2021, compared to 69 per cent of their male counterparts.
“The ILO paper suggests that women have seen disproportionate job and income losses because they are over-represented in the sectors hit hardest by lockdowns, such as accommodation, food services and manufacturing”, UN Labour Agency highlighted.
In as much as regional differences are concerned, the study indicated that not all regions have been affected in the same way.
For instance it revealed that women’s employment was hit hardest in the Americas, falling by more than nine per cent.
This was followed by the Arab States at just over four per cent, then Asia-Pacific at 3.8 per cent, Europe at 2.5 per cent and Central Asia at 1.9 per cent.
In Africa, men’s employment dropped by just 0.1 per cent between 2019 and 2020, while women’s employment decreased by 1.9 per cent.
Pertaining mitigation efforts,throughout the pandemic, women faired considerably better in countries that took measures to prevent them from losing their jobs and allowed them to get back into the workforce as early as possible.
“In Chile and Colombia, for example, wage subsidies were applied to new hires, with higher subsidy rates for women.
“And Colombia and Senegal were among those nations which created or strengthened support for women entrepreneurs,” UN News revealed.
Meanwhile, in Mexico and Kenya quotas were established to guarantee that women benefited from public employment programmes.
Addressing these imbalances and building a way forward, ILO emphasised that there should be gender-responsive strategies which must be at the core of recovery efforts, says the agency.
“It is essential to invest in the care economy because the health, social work and education sectors are important job generators, especially for women.
“Moreover, care leave policies and flexible working arrangements can also encourage a more even division of work at home between women and men.”
ILO added that the current gender gap can also be tackled by working towards universal access to comprehensive, adequate and sustainable social protection.
Promoting equal pay for work of equal value, the organisation explained, is also a potentially decisive and important step.
“Domestic violence and work-related gender-based violence and harassment has worsened during the pandemic further undermining women’s ability to be in the workforce and the report highlights the need to eliminate the scourge immediately,” said ILO.
ILO suggested that it crucial to promote women’s participation in decision-making bodies, and more effective social dialogue to ensure that make a major difference is made.
The UN Chief labour highlighted that there was need to extend extra help to ‘lockdown generation’ of young workers after Covid-19 as ILO has it that the pandemic is likely to have a disproportionate effect on young workers.
By Joyce Mukucha